Wikipedia Revolution and Punjabi Wikipedia

Internet access has brought about a revolutionary change in the field of information communication and care. There are several types of tech/platform/phenomena available on the Internet to participate in this transition, some of which are: World Wide Web or Website, Google, Yahoo, and other search engines like them, YouTube, Facebook and other social media tools, blogs, Wikipedia etc. From these resources/practices where most are working to earn profits and profit and are being run by large corporations, Wikipedia is working for the purpose of providing knowledge to the maximum public without the purpose of profits non-and a Running by the Profit (Non-Profit) Foundation. The information and knowledge-building work on the Wikipedia are being carried out by countless volunteers spread across the globe. According to the number of June 6, 2015, the English Wikipedia contains 48 million 86 thousand 49 articles. (1) The English Wikipedia site is one of the top 10 most visited websites. Wikipedia, including English, is published in 288 languages ​​of the world. Of these, 12 are the languages ​​in which the number of articles published on the Wikipedia is more than 10 – 10 lakhs. There are 40 languages ​​in which the number of articles published on the Wikipedia is more than 1-1 lakhs. According to the count of June 6, 2015, the number of articles published on the Wikipedia in all 288 languages ​​is 32.55 million 56 thousand 4 hundred and 99. (2) Thus, Wikipedia has become a major source of knowledge in the world. The majority of internet users continue to use it by shopping. Therefore it is necessary to take note, understand and join this instrument/phenomenon/platform today. Keeping this objective in mind, we will talk about the concept of Wikipedia in this article, its development in English, after the English in other languages, and then the ongoing efforts in Punjabi. In the end, competing with the efforts of Punjabi in the English and other languages ​​will try to see if the growth rate of Punjabi Wikipedia satisfactory. Does it need to be faster? If so, how can it be speedy?

 

What is Wikipedia?Punjabi Wikipedia

According to the words written on the Wikipedia’s own site, it is a “free world class”, in which there are approximately three and a half million articles about different subjects, and this number is increasing every day. Everyone in the world who owns computers and the Internet can access these articles free of charge. Speaking about the Wikipedia, its founder Jimmy Wales says, “Imagine a world in which every person has free access to knowledge of the entire humanity. We are doing this. “(3) Of course, at present, many people in the world cannot access the Wikipedia due to lack of access to the computer and the Internet, but people who have access to a computer and the Internet can Existing information and knowledge resources can be used free of charge. The next thing to understand about the Wikipedia is that everyone can edit this site very easily, without any interruption. It means that as well as using this knowledge and knowledge of the collection, it can amend and further increase it. So people from all over the world can work together to prepare it and are working together and are working together. Based on these things, we can see this tool as a technical and social phenomenon.

 

The requirements for the existence of the Wikipedia from the technical side are quite simple. To exist it requires a database, web server, web browser, and wiki software program. (4) On the other hand, millions of volunteers are required to produce materials for the Wikipedia at a social level, ready to donate their time, knowledge and skills for this work. The rules and the administrative structure needed to work together with the community of these millions of volunteers. These rules and administrative structures also make millions of volunteers self-employed in the experience of the Wikipedia .

 

The English Wikipedia’s Initiative and Development

English Wikipedia started on January 15, 2001, as a Wikipedia article on Wikipedia.com. Its purpose was to gather all the knowledge of the world in one place so that people could get it free of charge. This concept of creating an online encyclopedia was different from that of other encyclopedias available online – Encyclopedia Britannica and Microsoft’s refusal. Both online encyclopedias were intended to earn profits. The user had to pay money to access these and password was required to log in to read the information available on those sites. So, their knowledge could only be found by those who have the capacity to pay their fees. But there was no such restriction on the Wikipedia opinion of the Wikipedia. Anyone with access to the computer and the Internet could read this information without any password and log in account. (5)

 

The other thing related to the Wikipedia was that anyone could add information to it as well as read it and could edit its pages. Every change to be done on it is to be kept in the record. There was no need to open an account and make a password to add information to it and modify the pages. But if the person wanted, he could also open his account. There is only such a difference between opening an account and making changes without changing accounts, if you find any information without opening an account or modifying an information, your computer’s IP number comes in the record and J If you find any information on this, or change information about it, only your username will not be recorded in the record. Is In comparison to the name of the user, your IP number shows more information about you than normal readers, so most people open an account and get information in it. The ability to add or edit information on anyone on the Wikipedia has been possible due to the Wiki software generated by Ward Cunningham.

 

The facility to find and edit information on anyone on the Wikipedia meant that the Wikipedia was written by millions of volunteers from around the world. The result of the writings of volunteers is that the number of articles written on the Wikipedia has begun to grow rapidly from the very beginning. About the development of Andrew Leah’s book, Wikipedia Revolutions offers some statistics. At the end of January 2001, there were about 600 articles on the Wikipedia, and on 12 February 2001, the number reached 1,000. A year later, in January 2002, the number of articles on it was 20,000. According to the administrators, at present, 200 people were employed on the WKPDA every day, and nearly 1000 people who contributed there were nearly 1,000. In March 2003, the number of articles on Wikipedia became more than 100,000, and Wikipedia was standing at par with a commercial online encyclopedia. In March 2005, the Wikipedia got 5 million articles and more than 20 lakhs in 2007. (6) Today the number of these articles is more than 48 lakhs.

 

To illustrate how big is this knowledge store of more than 48 lakh articles, we can ask these questions: How many books will it be if the content is to be printed in such a book? According to an estimate put in February 2014, there would have been required to print 1000 books of twelve hundred pages to print the material printed on the Wikipedia. (7) From this fact, we can understand how widespread knowledge stores are gathered on the Wikipedia.

 

The number of volunteer volunteers writing these articles has also increased since the beginning. To keep a record of the number of these volunteers, they are divided into different categories. Therefore, to understand the contributions of volunteers writing articles on the Wikipedia, it is necessary to understand their different categories. For example, the person who makes 10 edits on the Wikipedia after opening his account on the WKPDA is placed in the category of the Contributor and he is always counted as a Contributor. The person who makes at least 5 amendments to the WKPDA in any one month, is kept in the category of Active Editor or user during that month and the person who makes at least 100 correctivements in a month, He is ranked as a dynamic active editor or user (very active user). (8) On the basis of these categories, since the beginning of the English Wikipedia, the people of this article are participating in many volunteers in the convoy. For example, the number of article writers on the Wikipedia was written as 338 Contributors, 151 Active Editor and 22 Very Active Editor, one year after the start of January 2002. It was counted in January 2003: 1168 contributors, 486 active editors and 113 very active editors. This number continued to increase as time went on. Five years after the start, the writers of the Wikipedia in January 2006 were: 58011 Contributor, 23786 Active Editor, and 3047 Very Active Editor. Currently (March 2015) this number is 967200 Contributor, 34243 Active Editor, and 3310 Very Active Editor. (9)

 

Along with the increase in the number of people working on Wikipedia and the number of present-day articulators, the number of people reading this site has also been steadily increasing. As a result, after four and a half years of its launch, Wikipedia entered the list of the top 50 most educated universities in the world in August 2005, and by the end of 2005, its name came to the top 30 sites in the world. In the ranking of the most educated websites in 2006, Wikipedia has been ranked among the Top 10 Websites (10) and March 2015 statistics, it is ranked 6th among the world’s most educated sites. (11) Here is also a note of the above websites coming from Google, Facebook, YouTube, Yahoo, Baidu and Amazon.com (12), which have several billions of dollars and thousands of them Number of employees are. Wikipedia’s annual budget is several times lower than that of them. According to the data received from the Wikimedia Foundation in May 2015, the annual income of the WKPDA is 5 million US Dollars, and its workforce is around 250. (13)

 

In view of the huge increase in the number of readers watching/watching the Wikipedia, we can say that today Wikipedia has become an important source of information for people. Whenever someone with access to the internet must seek information about a subject or matter, it first sees the Wikia for it. If you search on any topic on the Internet, in most cases it is not possible that one result in the first five results of the search is not an article printed on the Wikipedia. (14) According to an estimate, more than 50 million (500 million) people worldwide use Wikipedia every month. (15) The following figures can be more helpful in highlighting the use and usage of Wikipedia. According to a study done by students of 7 US Universities, 75 percent of students use the Wikipedia to complete their assignments. (16) Studies in the field of the medical field in the United States have shown that Wikipedia has become a major source of information for people working in this field. About 50 percent of the doctors searching for information online in the US use the Wikipedia to find the information. (17) Medical studies in England have shown that between 47 percent and 70 percent, doctors and medical students see the Wikipedia for information. (18) Search engineers like Google use content published on Wikipedia to answer questions asked by users. (19) In view of such widespread access to the Wikipedia, many people, especially young people, have started to feel that if there is no information on the Wikipedia, then that information is not there. (20)

 

During this rapid development during the last decade and a half, the Wikipedia has faced many types of questions/challenges. Of course, in this article, it is not possible to talk about all these questions/challenges in detail, yet we will discuss the three main questions that question the doubts about the authenticity of the WKPDA. The first question arises whether the information given in the Wikipedia can be trusted. This question has been rising repeatedly after the birth of the Wikipedia. The main reason for this question arises is access to information collected for the Wikipedia, which seems different from the previous one used to prepare the encyclopedia. Earlier an essay published in the encyclopedias had passed through a very elaborate and strict practice before publishing. For example, according to Britannica Encyclopedia, those artistic texts must go through some of the following procedures. The first author writes or edits an article on a topic and records the writing on which the article was written. Then the fact-analyzers inspect the facts printed in that article, and the Subject Editor (many of whom have a Ph.D. degree) see if Article Brittany has defined standards of accuracy, determination, realism, and fairness Goes on. The observer then looks at the editor’s article and the copy editor look for this grammar, style, and consistency for the article. Then the article writer is sent back, and the writing sends a response to the questions/concerns raised by the people mentioned earlier. Then the Subject Editor joins the Writer Respondent in the article. After that, the copy editor makes a final reading and then sends the article to the Information Management Team for final approval. (21) On the contrary, the information on the Wikipedia may be known to everyone, if it can be revised. So, it is reasonable to ask whether the information on the Wikipedia might be considered correct or not and whether the authenticity of the above information can be trusted? Thinking at the summit level, perhaps the answer to this question is whether the information from the Wikipedia cannot be considered as accurate and valid. But if you must answer this question by considering the experience of the Wikipedia, it will be answered, the information above can be considered as accurate and reliable.

 

To find the right answer to this question, first, we look at the rules for materials published on the Wikipedia. There are three requirements for materials on Wikipedia. Firstly, the content of the material written for the Wikipedia is neutral, the number two is written based on confirmatory sources, and these sources are clearly stated and the number three is not original search. Of course, any writing perspective is very difficult to be neutral, yet the writers/writers for the Wikipedia should try to make the writing more and more neutral. If there is more than one perspective on a controversial subject, then the writing should mention that there are different perspectives on that topic. Confirmable sources mean that the text is already based on printed and reliable sources so that readers can see what the information in the written text is. The rule of non-completion of the writing is made to ensure that the text should be based on first authentic research and knowledge and should not have any new opinion or analysis. These three rules match the rules of traditional encyclopedias and increase the credibility of the document.

 

At the same time, it is also to note that whenever a written form is published on the Wikipedia, it does not remain lonely then it becomes a common sharing to all the people. Thousands of editors writing for the Wikipedia, if there is a mistake or lack in writing, can edit and complete that writing, and they take advantage of this opportunity and make the writing correct and complete. In this way, the process of publishing and modifying the writing on the Wikipedia also increases the credibility of the Wikipedia’s writings.

 

The study of the Wikipedia material’s rigorous assessment also confirmed this. For example, on the basis of a study conducted in December 2005 on the basis of a study of the materials published in the Wikipedia and Encyclopedia Britannica, General Nature of Internationally Known Science, the result was that the information in the Wikipedia is as accurate as the Encyclopedia Britannica Printed content Overall, the material published in both encyclopedias was accurate, of course, there were some errors in both the encyclopedias. The rate of errors in Britannica was 2.92 whereas in Wikipedia this rate was 3.86. (22)

 

During this rapid development during the last decade and a half, the Wikipedia has faced many types of questions/challenges. Of course, in this article, it is not possible to talk about all these questions/challenges in detail, yet we will discuss the three main questions that question the doubts about the authenticity of the WKPDA. The first question arises whether the information given in the Wikipedia can be trusted. This question has been rising repeatedly after the birth of the Wikipedia. The main reason for this question arises is access to information collected for the Wikipedia, which seems different from the previous one used to prepare the encyclopedia. Earlier an essay published in the encyclopedias had passed through a very elaborate and strict practice before publishing. For example, according to Britannica Encyclopedia, those artistic texts must go through some of the following procedures. The first author writes or edits an article on a topic and records the writing on which the article was written. Then the fact-analyzers inspect the facts printed in that article, and the Subject Editor (many of whom have a Ph.D. degree) see if Article Brittany has defined standards of accuracy, determination, realism, and fairness Goes on. The observer then looks at the editor’s article and the copy editor look for this grammar, style, and consistency for the article. Then the article writer is sent back, and the writing sends a response to the questions/concerns raised by the people mentioned earlier. Then the Subject Editor joins the Writer Respondent in the article. After that, the copy editor makes a final reading and then sends the article to the Information Management Team for final approval. (21) On the contrary, the information on the Wikipedia may be known to everyone, if it can be revised. So, it is reasonable to ask whether the information on the Wikipedia might be considered correct or not and whether the authenticity of the above information can be trusted? Thinking at the summit level, perhaps the answer to this question is whether the information from the Wikipedia cannot be considered as accurate and valid. But if you must answer this question by considering the experience of the Wikipedia, it will be answered, the information above can be considered as accurate and reliable.

 

To find the right answer to this question, first, we look at the rules for materials published on the Wikipedia. There are three requirements for materials on Wikipedia. Firstly, the content of the material written for the Wikipedia is neutral, the number two is written based on confirmatory sources, and these sources are clearly stated and the number three is not original search. Of course, any writing perspective is very difficult to be neutral, yet the writers/writers for the Wikipedia should try to make the writing more and more neutral. If there is more than one perspective on a controversial subject, then the writing should mention that there are different perspectives on that topic. Confirmable sources mean that the text is already based on printed and reliable sources so that readers can see what the information in the written text is. The rule of non-completion of the writing is made to ensure that the text should be based on first authentic research and knowledge and should not have any new opinion or analysis. These three rules match the rules of traditional encyclopedias and increase the credibility of the document.

 

At the same time, it is also to note that whenever a written form is published on the Wikipedia, it does not remain lonely then it becomes a common sharing to all the people. Thousands of editors writing for the Wikipedia, if there is a mistake or lack in writing, could edit and complete that writing, and they take advantage of this opportunity and make the writing correct and complete. In this way, the process of publishing and modifying the writing on the Wikipedia also increases the credibility of the Wikipedia’s writings.

 

The study of the Wikipedia material’s rigorous assessment also confirmed this. For example, based on a study conducted in December 2005 on the basis of a study of the materials published in the Wikipedia and Encyclopedia Britannica, General Nature of Internationally Known Science, the result was that the information in the Wikipedia is as accurate as the Encyclopedia Britannica Printed Content Overall, the material published in both encyclopedias was accurate, of course, there were some errors in both the encyclopedias. The rate of errors in Britannica was 2.92 whereas in Wikipedia this rate was 3.86. (22) ……

 

Such incidents have happened on the Wikipedia and the possibility of such incidents will be sustained. But the process of putting information on the Wikipedia, its technique, the steps were taken by the Wikipedia to prevent such disturbance of information are working successfully to stop such incidents. Here we will mention some of these. First, when an information or article falls on the Wikipedia, it becomes a common writing of all people at the same time. While it is true that there are few people who have twisted miscreants in the Wikipedia information, it is also true that there are thousands of volunteers who protect the information printed on the Wikipedia. They keep an eye on the information printed on the Wikipedia and keep on tinkling the information. The “non-do” button, which defaults to any information on the Wikipedia, helps them to do so. A click struck on this button with a computer mouse, destroying that information, replaces its pre-existing information. In this regard, an example from Andrew Leah’s book “Wikipedia Revolution” is presented. On 31 July 2006, a comedy show host from the United States, Stephen Colbert, had suggested to his viewers that he would go to the page “Elephant” giving information about elephants on the Wikipedia, and to get the wrong information in the last 6 months. The population of elephants has increased three times. Colbert’s show is broadcast at night at eleven o’clock in the night. At eleven minutes a person managed to get this information on the Wikipedia. Another person made the information lasting forty minutes by eleven, and a Wikipedia administrator ‘locked’ the page so that it could not be further altered. (27)

 

According to the Vicky PDA’s own statistics, there are 600 amendments in 10 minutes or one minute in a second. (28) It is difficult to keep an eye on the thousands of editors privately by these editors if not impossible. To address this problem, some editors with knowledge of computer software have developed software programs that keep track of the information on the VKPDA itself and keep on torturing the information by miscreants. These software programs work like robots, so they are called “bots.” According to an estimate, ‘bots’ have managed to catch more than 50 percent of the mistakes. (29)

 

In addition, the Wikipedia’s software also permits that the Wikipedia pages can be locked if necessary so that more information cannot be found. By using this technique, the Wikipedia Administrator locks the pages in which the information is at risk of misconducting activities. Wikipedia admin administrators also have the power to ban those editors or users for a few hours, a few days, a few weeks or forever, who are misbehaving with the information from the Wikipedia.

 

Such steps taken by the Wikipedia have been successful in preventing the intentional molestation problem with information on the Wikipedia. In this regard, we would like to repeat the above-mentioned fact that if there are only a few people in the world who deliberately seek to harm the information of the Wikipedia, there are many people more than those people who know the information above the WKPDA. Ready to spend your time in safety and take pride in their work. The last 14 years of the Wikipedia testifies to this very powerful fact.

 

Another big challenge that the Wikipedia must face is because the variety of information creators does not represent the real diversity of the world. As a result, the information on the WKPDA is producing many different disparities. For example, 85-90% of the editors preparing information for the Wikipedia is male. (30) As a result, information on the WKPDA has found many flaws in the defense of women. For example, some studies have shown that on the Wikipedia, the number of articles about women who have been enrolled in art, science, literature, etc. is low. In this way, men’s interest topics such as military etc are more common and women’s interest topics like textile arts, etc. have a lower number of articulates. (31) Even if we look at the number of editors writing for the English Wikipedia, by dividing them based on the geographical regions of the world, we still see big disparities in it. For example, 20 percent of the English Wikipedia content is written by UK-related editors and 25 percent of the content related to the United States. (32) This is the result of such disparities, that the article contains much of the article in the Wikipedia, articles about Europe and North America, and the number of articles about Africa, Asia, and South America is low. (33) It implies that the discrepancies in relation to knowledge are present in the world, they are being exposed in the Wikipedia.

 

Special efforts are being made by the Wikipedia for reducing such inequalities, especially gender-based inequalities. For example, in the last few years, the Wikipedia has organized workshops and events (editors and events) in collaboration with colleges, universities, libraries, museums and other organizations to increase the number of women’s edits, Thanks). For example, to promote excellence in science, excellence in science began in 1660 in the Royal Society Wikipedia, to improve the number of women contributing in science and increase the number of female editors for the WKPDA starting from 2012. Every year, an editorial (Edit A Thon) manages to do so. (34) Talking about the motivation behind the first workshop, the workshop manager Professor Utah Firth said, “Wikipedia is the first place where most people go for information, but if this information is not there, How to Know About Your Heroine ” (35) Likewise, in February 2014, more than 600 people took part in the one-day workshop to increase the involvement of female editors in the Wikipedia under the Arts + Feminism under College of Arts and Architecture at the Pan-State University of Pennsylvania. In this workshop, 101 new women writings were written about women and about 90 articles were amended. (36) Many other organizations organize workshops worldwide each year to increase women participation in the Wikipedia. Many of these organizations celebrate the 8th of March every year by arranging workshops on the International Women’s Day Wikipedia. This is very important. To clarify the importance of this matter, Adrianne Wadewitz, an intelligentsia advocating women’s involvement in the WKPDA, says, “Whatever is included on the Wikipedia, is making sure what we remember about our culture And what matters to them. (Therefore, it is important that we do not become absent from this discussion as academics. ” (37)

 

Wikipedia in other languages

Soon after the start of the English Wikipedia, the Wikipedia founders started thinking about publishing it in other languages. For example, the founder of the Wikipedia, Jimmy Wales, took the Wikipedia Dummen name on March 15, 2001, in French, German and Spanish languages. On the following day, the German language Wikipedia became the beginning and one week after that the French Wikipedia was born. (38) Some other WikiPapers starting in 2001 were: Japanese (March 2001), Italian, Swedish, Spanish and Russian (May 2001), Dutch (June 2001), Portuguese (June 2001) and Polish (September 2001). (39) Gradually, the number of Wikipedia languages ​​continued to grow, and today it (May 2015), it stands at 288 languages. (40)

 

Wikipedia works as a freelance unit for every language. For example, each language volunteer editor decides what standards of fair view should be for the articulation. At the same time, because each language has its own distinct cultural outlook, so different cultural colors and perspectives are seen on the same subject in the various articles written in different languages. (41) Alice Sue provides an interesting example in this article in her article written in the Arabic language Wikipedia. He copes with the first sentence of the city’s writings written in English, Arabic and Hebrew languages ​​about the city of Jerusalem. The first sentence of the article in English is “The city is in the old city of Jerusalem, in the foothills of the Mediterranean hills between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea.” The first sentence of the article published by Jerusalem on the Arabic Wikipedia is ” On the basis of population, religious and economic importance, Jerusalem is the largest city in historic Palestine. “The first sentence of the article written in Hebrew is” 8 million inhabitants city, Jaros I have become a means of saving the capital of Israel and Israel’s largest city. “The wide diversity of the wisdom of the world Wikipedia various languages ​​remain as independent units. (42)

 

Due to its size and number of users, each individual linguistic Wikipedia has a different place in ​​their own linguistic knowledge sources. Some Wikipedia has gained prominence in the field of knowledge in their linguistic fields, and many other Wikipedia has not yet made a significant point in their linguistic area. For example, in Germany and the Netherlands, people see Wikipedia websites in their own language, in comparison to the websites of their country’s reporting organizations. (43)

 

There are many such languages ​​which have not made any efforts to make Enlightenment in the languages ​​before the WKPDA. (44) In this way, Wikipedia is providing people with these new opportunities to acquire and communicate their knowledge.

 

Overall, Wikipedia is a successful venture. There is no such project on the Internet which has taken people from many languages, and cultural backgrounds in the world for 14-15 years. What is more, the people of so many different backgrounds are working together without any expectation of profit or profit, in the spirit of co-operation. Their only dream is that “every human should have access to all knowledge of humanity.”

 

English Wikipedia

There are two WKPs in Punjabi. In a Gurmukhi and the other in Shamakhi. In this article we will refer to the Punjabi Wikipedia written in Gurmukhi and in the next part of the article, Punjabi Wikia, meaning Punjabi Wikipedia, being written in Gurmukhi. This Wikipedia started in June 2002 in which the first article was written on it. But there was no change in it for the next two years. By January 2005, the number of articles on the Punjabi Wikipedia has remained the same. In February 2005 another article was written and the number of articles written was two. Even then, there was no major move in writing the article on Punjabi Wikipedia. Four years after the start, in June 2006, the number of articles had been set to 39, and in June 2007, the number rose to 191, five years after the start. After this, the speed of writing was very slow, but there was a slight increase in the number. In April 2009, almost 7 years after the start, the number of pieces written by the Punjabi Wikipedia went up to 1000, and in June 2012, the number rose to 3400 after 10 years from the beginning. (45)

 

In July / August 2012, workshops were organized by the Wikipedia Foundation on July 27 at Ludhiana, Patiala on August 16, and for the basic information about the WKPDA at Amritsar on August 17, 2012. The members of this workshop were: Shubhashish, Sheju Alexis, and Gurdeep Singh (GS) Google. Shubhashish and Sheju were associated with the Wikipedia Foundation and Gurdeep Singh Googlani was one of the active editors on the Punjabi Wikipedia, who till then had contributed in writing 250 articles for the Punjabi Wikipedia. Gurdeep Singh Googlani, therefore, explained the performance of the WKPDA to the audience present in these workshops. (46) After this time, the number of artists on the Punjabi Wikipedia seems to have been slightly upbeat. For example, in June 2013, the number of Punjabi particulars printed on the Wikipedia increased to 6,600, the number of these numbers reached 10,000 in April 2014, and at present, on May 28, 2015, the number of articles printed on the Punjabi Wikipedia is 16, 988 (47) and different Based on the number of artifacts printed on Wikipedia of different languages, the Punjabi Wikipedia of 288 languages ​​is replaced by one hundred and six (106), instead of the Wikipedia. (48)

 

As already mentioned earlier, people writing for keeping a record of writing participants in the WKPDA have been kept in different categories. The person who makes 10 customizations after opening his account on the Wikipedia is placed in the category of Contributor and he is always counted as a Contributor. The person who makes at least 5 amendments to the WKPDA in any one month, is kept in the category of Active Editor or user during that month and the person who makes at least 100 correctivements in a month, He is ranked as a dynamic active editor or user (very active user). According to the March 2015 data, there were 154 users doing 10 amendments by opening an account on the Punjabi Wikipedia by these standards. There were 34 editors who made at least 5 amendments this month. But in this month, there were only 7 editors who made more than 100 modifications, which are classified as very active editors. In fact, these are the active editors, so that the continued development and development of any language’s Wikipedia. In relation to the Punjabi Wikipedia, from June 2001 to March 2015, the number of very active editors never went up from 8. Even this figure has not happened in only one month or two. In most months, the number was below 5. According to statistics reports, the following six persons have so far acted as active editors on the Punjabi Wikipedia: Charan Gill, Buban Walia, Ship Gill, Sushil Mishra, Parveer Grewal and Gugalani. All of these have done more than a thousand improvements till March 2015. If there is a definite description of the amendments, by March 2015, Charan Gill has done 31014, Babban Walia has 10467, Ship Gill has 9117, Sushil Mishra has 2179, Parveen Grewal has done 1875 and Google have made 1133 amendments. According to the articles printed in the Wikipedia, all these contributions are worth mentioning. By March 2015, Charan Gill has written 6440 articles, Babanwalia 1852, Sathid Gill has 958, Parveen Grewal has 625, Sushil Mishra has 225 and Google has 125 articles. (49) It is to be noted here that in the Punjabi WikiPD The majority of 6 very active editors are around Patiala. Punjabi WKPDA has four Administrators namely: Sudeep Gill, Charan Gill, Baban Walia and Parveer Grewal. Three of them are from Patiala and one from Ludhiana. (50)

 

It is true that till now, Punjabi Wikipedia has not been able to become an important source of information for the Punjabi population. It may not be that the first source of information for the information on the Internet is Punjabi Wikipedia. Maybe he goes to the English Wikipedia. Still, statistics indicate that the number of people watching/ reading/watching the Punjabi Wikipedia gradually is increasing. For example, according to a report of June 2012, the pages of Punjabi Wikipedia were viewed 3 million 69 thousand times in a month (51) and in May 2015 this number has reached 11 lakhs 72 thousand 9 hundred. (52)

 

This is a brief introduction to the development and development of the Punjabi Wikipedia. Now the question arises, is this speed of development of the Punjabi Wikipedia a satisfactory? The answer to this question is yes and no If we want to answer this question keeping in mind the diligence, hard work, and timber of the handful of active editors for the Punjabi Wikipedia, it will be the answer. The kind of commitment that these few people are keeping the Wikipedia Jyot burning on, the commitment should be saluted.

 

But if the speed of development of Punjabi Wikipedia is to be answered in the context of the whole phenomenon of the Wikipedia, then the answer will be very disappointing. At present, the number of speakers in the world is at number 11 in terms of the number of speakers, but according to the March 2015 statistics of the Wikipedia, it is ranked at the 106th position of Punjabi WKPDA. During the last 13 years of traveling, only about half a dozen very active editors have been able to write for Punjabi Wikipedia and only 17,000 articles can be written. There are reasons for this, we need to think seriously about it.

 

To some extent, some structural reasons related to the Wikipedia or the entire Internet can be responsible for the slow development of Punjabi Wikipedia. One of these reasons is that only a small part of the total population of Punjab has access to the Internet. According to the figures of Internet users around the world, only 19.19 percent of India’s total population of India was in the year 2014. (53) Punjab could not get data for 2014, but according to the 2011 Census, there was an internet facility in 5.4 percent of the households in Punjab. (54) The Punjabis’ access to the Internet during this years will be even lesser. So in the early years of the existence of Punjabi WKPDA, there was a small percentage of the Punjabis having access to the Internet which would have played their role in keeping pace with its development.

 

The second problem in this regard was the Punjabi writing system on Punjabi Wikipedia. Of course, writing method on Punjabi Wikipedia is quite simple. Anyone who could write Punjabi in Unicode can write his off-line Unicode text written on the Punjabi Wikipedia. Apart from this, on the Punjabi Wikipedia site, Punjabi WKPDA has given two different methods to write in Punjabi. You can choose any of the choices you like. But before November 2011, the method of writing in Punjabi on the Punjabi Wikipedia was not complicated or easy. This thing can also be the reason for the slow development of the Punjabi Wikipedia.

 

Due to the overwhelming response, the Punjabi WKPDA may be responsible for the slow development, but these reasons are not entirely responsible for this. True, very few populations in Punjab have access to the Internet. But today the Punjabi people do not live in Punjab alone, but they are also living in countries like England, Canada, USA, Germany, and Australia. 86% -93% of the people living in these countries have access to the Internet. (55) The majority of Punjabis living in these countries also have access to the Internet. But among the Punjabis living in foreign countries, the Punjabi Wikipedia, as an active editor (user), is probably one-half Punjabi. In view of these facts, we can say that less access to the Internet of Punjabis does not fully explain the slow development of the Punjabi Wikipedia. There will be no other reason for this slow development than this situation.

 

In my view, the thinking of Punjabi society in this situation is also responsible, which is usually expressed in these words, ‘Punjabi can make history but cannot take care’. That is, there is no interest in writing, reading, understanding, collecting/saving knowledge of the present Punjabis or this does not come in the priorities of Punjabis. Activities related to laughing/playing, dancing/climbing, eating/drinking, fighting/fighting etc. are the first priorities of Punjabis. There is an example to illustrate this. During the last decade, Punjabis (both the government of Punjab and at the personal level) have spent millions of rupees on establishing Kabaddi at international level and have given many other types of powers. This issue has been quite prominent in Punjabi media and other sources of propaganda. The Punjabi Wikipedia and the era of current information era also came into existence during this period (last two and a half decades). No matter how much money or resources the Punjabis have invested in it, nothing much can be said about it. Here, I want to make it clear that I am not averse to the development of Kabaddi. I have only made Kabaddi the key to showing what the Punjabi community’s priorities are.

 

I understand that the slow pace of development of Punjabi WKPDA should be an embarrassing thing for all the Punjabis, who do not tire of singing “Punjab Bacha Bala” always. Important information about the era of era This wandering of Punjabis in the Wikipedia does not appear anywhere. The phenomenon that is bringing a revolutionary transformation in the field of knowledge, knowledge, communication, knowledge and the world to see/understand and the involvement of Punjabis singing their “bat-bat” all the time. The venue is at 106th position. All of us need to be concerned about this truth and need to take serious efforts to change this truth.

 

Now the question arises, what are the steps? Before talking about efforts to accelerate the pace of the content being done by the Punjabi Wikipedia, I want to repeat the words of Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales with a slight change. Imagine that all the knowledge of the world should be available in Punjabi and every Punjabi should have access to this knowledge. On the day when this will happen, that day will be a special day for Punjabi people, Punjabi language, and Punjabi culture. Everybody who can read Punjabi will be able to access his mother tongue to the vast knowledge of the world. The common Punjabi people will have a tool to challenge those people who want to keep knowledge of a handful of people. Each Punjabi will use its mother language to connect with her heritage, her history, and background as well as to the knowledge of the world, and she will have the possibility of seeing the world with a worldview.

 

Punjabi Wikipedia can contribute to bringing such a day for Punjabis. Here, I also want to make it clear that if I make the claims that Punjabi Wikipedia alone will create such a situation for the Punjabis, then the claim will be a thing of the ‘stupid heaven’. I well understand that Punjabis must do much more to deal with world knowledge and will have to deal with many challenges. My claim here is that Punjabi Wikipedia can be an important tool to create such a situation for the Punjabis. So, we should try to develop it.

 

As mentioned earlier in the article, Wikipedia is a technical and social phenomenon. For the Punjabi Wikipedia, we do not have to do a lot from the technical side. What’s technically necessary to prepare it already exists. But there is a lot to do about it at a social level. Therefore, we need to develop a large community of volunteers working for the Punjabi Wikipedia globally, in which if thousands are not enough hundreds of active editors (more than 100 modifications in a month) and if not millions Thousands of active editors (more than 10 modifications in a month) Developing a large community of volunteers, writers, societies, colleges, universities, professional people – doctors, lawyers, engineers etc. organizations, women’s organizations, teacher organizations, journal organizations, rational societies and other such organizations. Can play a very big role.

 

To start contributing to this work at the level of the organizations, the organizations and their members first need to understand the place and significance of Punjabi Wikipedia in the current age of information. Members of the organizations can start doing this by talking about the Punjabi Wikipedia. Members of the organizations who use computers and the Internet and understand the use of them, can go to the Wikipedia site and understand the way it works and then explain to other members. If needed, by calling the people who know the working Punjabi Wikia, they can be taken workshops from them. In these workshops, other members of the community, without their members, can be invited so that the efforts of the Punjabi WKPDA to reach the maximum number of people.

 

After being activated on Punjabi Wikipedia, other people should organize public events (edit-stations) to get information on the Punjabi Wikipedia to activate this work. I would like to give examples to illustrate the importance of this. Punjabi literature has been a major contributor to literary societies and writers’ organizations so far for the promotion of literature and language. Now suppose that every literary/literary body related to Punjabi literature should also make an annual gathering of information about literature related to the literature on the Punjabi Wikipedia every year, then we will have to complete all the information related to Punjabi literature in one or two years. We will be able to gather information on the Punjabi Wikipedia. Likewise, every year hundreds of thousands of organizations organize the celebration of Bhagat Singh’s martyrdom day or birthday. If these organizations make a presentation on the Punjabi Wikipedia about the people contributing to the freedom movement of India, they will be part of these events. In the last half of the year, we will learn about the people who participate in the freedom movement of India, the Punjabi Wikipedia We will be able to collect on In this series, women’s organizations celebrate International Women’s Day every year on topics like women’s problems on Punjabi Wikipedia, women’s struggles, women’s rights for women’s rights, and women’s lives in various fields of society. By gathering information, Punjabi can organize events to be installed on the Wikipedia. In the last 2-3 decades, rational societies/associations have made significant contributions to spread the scientific thinking in Punjabi society. If rational societies/societies working in the Punjabi world to get information about science and related subjects on one of the Punjabi Wikipedia programs each year, then we will very soon be able to gather important information about the field of science on the Punjabi Wikipedia. Be able to Many other organizations/organizations can be identified by looking at Sarasari in Punjabi society, for which arranging such events can become an important part of their work.

 

Teachers and students of colleges/universities can participate in the development of Punjabi WKPDA. Therefore, colleges and universities must engage in this work and motivate students to take part in this work. In the educational institutions where no teacher comes forward to lead this process, senior students of these institutions should lead this venture further. With the participation of faculty and students of colleges/universities, we can collect and find valuable information about all types of subjects for the Punjabi Wikia. For example, if the students studying in the last years of medical studies get information about various areas related to medical education in Punjabi by getting their teachers active in Punjabi Wikipedia, we will soon get a lot of information about this area from the Punjabi Wikipedia. We will be able to achieve success Likewise, if the students studying in the last years of advocacy learning start over putting on the different words, concepts and other issues related to the law on the Punjabi Wikipedia, then very soon the Punjabi Wikipedia has information about this area. Can be an important source. All these things can be said about every subject taught in colleges/universities.

 

So far I have talked about the support that can be found from organizations/institutions. This has been done so that organizations/institutions have fundamental resources to organize meetings/workshops. This should not mean that I am looking at the individual support alone by reducing individual support. The introduction of the Punjabi Wikipedia and the experience of so far development has shown that people can make a big contribution to the development of Punjabi Wikipedia at the individual level. As we have seen, for the past several years, a handful of people have contributed at the individual level and have kept the flame of the Punjabi Wikipedia Jyot burning on it. Therefore, Punjabis, who are competent and interested in various subjects, should come forward to participate in the growth of knowledge base of Punjabi WKPDA at the individual level.

 

Lastly, I want to say that Punjabi and Punjabi settlers living in countries such as England, Canada, America, Australia, Germany etc. can make a big contribution to the development of the WKPDA. The Punjabis living in these countries have access to the Internet more than Punjabis of Punjab. At the same time, knowledge-related infrastructure – such as libraries, museums, archives and other such organizations – are also developed in these countries more than Punjab. Therefore, Punjabi living in foreign countries can take advantage of these things and make an important part in the development of Punjabi Wikipedia.

 

Appendix

Wikipedia has emerged as an important phenomenon during the last decade and half of this age of internet and information. Due to this phenomenon, all the knowledge of the world is accumulated, and this knowledge has created the possibility of free access to every person in the world. This opportunity to create such a possibility did not arise from personal grievous competition for earning maximum profits in the market, or by a few corporations, in the field of knowledge to create a monopoly in the field of knowledge, but at millions of people worldwide, at the voluntary level. Together, the process of working together has been born. Therefore, this practice where the world is becoming a cause of generating opportunities for free access to knowledge for all the people, it is also challenging the concept of market’s right to competitive thinking. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to this phenomenon, understand it and take part in it.

 

After a year of the start of the Wikipedia, efforts were made to develop Punjabi Wikipedia. Assessing these efforts where the project should be appreciated for the work of a handful of people who are continuing, it should also acknowledge that the speed of development of Punjabi WKPDA is not satisfactory. To expedite this pace, other Punjabis should be involved in this process so that with the use of new techniques of information age at the individual level, we can collectively collect some things for the benefit of society, the possibilities of creating some are due to these new techniques.

 

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