Punjabi Marriage is full of rituals.At every stage there are some more rituals. The 10 most important Punjabi wedding rituals have been detailed and described below. These have been mentioned in the order of their occurrence in a Punjabi wedding.
Punjabi Wedding Rituals
Top 10 Punjabi Wedding Rituals
This ceremony takes place early in the day of the wedding date. The ritual involves a havan/puja that is conducted by a priest or pundit. The oldest maternal uncle of the bride plays an important role and he is one of the main participants of the havan. A set of dark red and cream ivory bangles touched and blessed by all those who are present there is put on the bride by his eldest maternal uncle.
The bride is sprinkled by the flowers and sweets are distributed. This is to commemorate the beginning of all the rituals to follow. Now the chuda has been worn, all relatives, friends, and cousins will tie kaliras on the kada or bangle on the bride’s wrists. These are essentially gold and silver plated traditional ornaments that hang from the wrist during the wedding. This is also the time when the maternal uncle presents the wedding lehnga to his niece.
The Vatna generally Comes after the chuda ceremony. The wedding bride is facing four lamps or diyas. It is considered to be favorable for all four lamps to remain glowing brightly so that the brightness on the bride’s face rests perpetually. Female relatives and friends touch vatna (a paste made of turmeric plus mustard oil) on the body of the bride. The turmeric acts like a scrub making the bride’s body beautiful. This tradition is also conducted at the bridegroom’s house.
Once the vatna ceremony is complete and the bride has removed the paste from her body, the Hindu bride accompanies her siblings and their spouses to a nearby temple where the bride is bathed in a pitcher full of holy water. This ritual is also carried out at the bridegroom’s house where the sister in law fills the pitcher of water and pours it over the bridegroom. Post this ceremony, the bride and bridegroom go off to get ready for the main Hindu wedding rituals for the night.
A custom that has importance for the bridegroom, the sehrabandi includes a puja when the father of the groom and some elderly relatives fasten the sehra. The sehra includes a pink colored turban along with headgear that has chains that fall and screen his face.
Another tradition that has relevance for the bridegroom, the ghodi chadna is accompanied by the sisters feeding the mare on which the bridegroom reaches the bride’s house or wedding venue. The sister in law puts surma in the eyes to ward off all evil from coming near the charming bridegroom.
The baraat or the wedding procession is greeted by the bride’s parents and siblings. Rose water is sprinkled on the procession and the milni begins. This is the function in which the relative of the bride is introduced to the corresponding relative of the groom. So the maternal uncle of the bride hugs and meets the maternal uncle of the groom and so on.
When the groom enters the wedding place, he is brought to an elevated platform where he rests and expects the brides. As soon as the bride comes, they exchange garlands. This is a ceremony that includes a lot of exciting and comedy where the groom is egged on by his buddies and cousins not to bow his head as the wife garlands the groom.
The Tradition in the Hindu wedding that seals the marriage, the phera include taking four circles around the sacred flame. Post the phera’s the bridegroom inserts sindoor in the division of the bride’s hair and also bride tie mangal sutra around her neck, Two signs of a married Indian lady.
This ritual signifies the permission of the bride’s father and mother to the bridegroom to take her. In one step, the bride symbolically gives back all that she has taken from her father’s house till date so that she can be free to fulfill her love towards her husband and his family without any biases or inclination towards her parents.
When the bride left his own house after all ceremony, she throw some grains behind, and they said that the one who hold the most of them, will get his partner fast
A ceremony that is performed when the married couple reaches the groom’s house. The mother of the groom performs an aarti of the couple with a pitcher of water. With every aarti, she attempts to drink the water from the pitcher and the bridegroom is expected to stop her each timeArticle Search, allowing her to drink from it only the seventh time. The bride must push over a pot of rice with her right foot before she enters her new house.