There are a lot of differences between Punjab, India and Punjab, Pakistan. in 1947 India and Pakistan got separated. Punjab was one big state before separation. Punjab was divided between India and Pakistan after the separation. 5 rivers flow through Punjab. The Punjab area of Pakistan does have all rivers due to its geographical location. This makes the land of Punjab very fertile and it has maximum contribute in the GDP of Pakistan. Indian Punjab does have 3 rivers Sutluj, Beas, Ravi.
Radcliffe is the borderline between India and Pakistan. Sir Cyril Radcliffe did the separation of India and Pakistan so this name is in his owner. Separation was done on a census which was outdated. There were mammoth and riots all over India at the time of separation. But in Punjab, this was worse than hell.
Separation was done because some Muslim demanded a separate country from them. In the land separation, India was given Gurdaspur – a Muslim majority district and Pakistan was given Lahore. Lahore was a Hindu majority district. Pakistan rule was very clear that Only Muslim stays in Pakistan. So in between the riots and mammoth Pakistani Hindu had to come to India or they were being targeted. Lakhs of people died in the riots and a Million people were migrated from both the sides. There are already many movies and books that describe the pain of migration, so I won’t go into that
The Difference between Indian and Pakistani Punjab?
Pakistani Punjabi has its differences from Indian Punjabi. Even if both languages are named same they are written completely different.
Indian Punjabi is written in Gurmukhi Script. Gurmukhi means the words “from the mouth of the Guru”. It is written left to right Like another Indian language. Sri Guru Grant Sahib is also written in Gurmukhi Script. Gurumukhi script has a lot of influence on Indian languages. This is the reason why North Indians can easily understand the Punjabi language.
Pakistani Punjabi is different from Indian Punjabi in writing. Pakistani Punjabi is written right to left. The script of Pakistani Punjab is Arabic. Pakistani Punjabi has a lot of influence of Islam nations and local Islamic religion. Pakistani Punjabi also has a lot of dialects like other languages of the India and World.
These dialects can be found even in languages of Ludhiana and Amritsar. In the cities, people use a very sweet Punjabi accent. It often even sounds like Hindi, But, it is not Punjabi nor Hindi. Pure Punjabi is very hard language to understand and to speak too. Usually, people from villages are able to speak who have not forgotten the touch of pure Punjabi
Indian Punjab has a diversity of religion. Punjabi has widely spoken the language in Punjab. Almost every person can speak in Punjabi and understand it. Mostly all people communicate in Punjabi. Muslims and Christians do live in Punjab and they amazingly speak Punjabi as others. Bhatinda, Pathankot, Gurdaspur, Firozpur are the Muslim majority places in the Indian Punjab.
Pakistani Punjab is different to Indian Punjab in the diversity of religion. In Pakistani Punjab Muslim are major, Hindu and Sikh are also present. It is not easy for other than Muslim to live in Pakistan. Pakistan is a Muslim country, but it does not have the largest number of Muslim in its county, Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world.
Buildings and Monuments
Both the Indian and Pakistani Punjab is rich in monuments, mosques and buildings from the history. Pakistan has most of the building on Persian and Islamic architecture. Indian Punjab also has many mosques. Moroccan mosque of Marrakesh city and Jama Masjid Mosque are very popular. There are many mosques in Punjab. In Sufi Islam religion they go to Dargah for the blessing. Such Dargaah is present throughout Punjab. These Dargaah are also present in India. Baba Murad Shah Ji di Dargaah at Nakodar is very popular in people. People go to Dargah irrespective of them Religion. A lot of people do visit Dargaah on regular basis. People have a strong believe Wishes asked at the Dargaah are granted.
In Indian Punjab, it is always easy to find a Gurudwara nearby. Anyone can visit Gurudwara any time of the day. Food is served in the gurudwara free of cost as per the demand of the people who volunteer themselves [link]. Most of the operation in Gurudwara are generally carried by the people who visit the gurudwara. Harmandar Sahib (Amritsar), Sachkhand Sahib, Anandpur Sahib, Goindwal Sahib, Ber Sahib (Sultanpur Lodhi), Taran Taran are the most popular Gurudwara in Punjab. Gurudwaras are generally present in all cities of India. Hemkunt Sahib Patna Sahib is the most popular gurudwara to visit. Radha Soami, Beas is also a part of Punjab. Radha Swami does have a lot of followers. Pakistan also has a lot of gurudwaras. Nankana Sahib is very poplar Gurudwara in Pakistani Punjab. Nankana Sahib is the place where the founder of the Sikh religion Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born.
People and Culture
Punjabi’s are very cheerful in nature. Punjabi value their religion and do not like to be attacked on their religion, beliefs and our nation. This applies to both sides of Punjab. The Punjab they show in Bollywood Movies is nothing like real Punjab. Indian Punjabi movies industry is growing very fast. Punjabi songs are loved all over the world and have a great fan following.
People in Punjab are hard working are Rich. It has its Benefits and loss. You can easily find a good Punjabi with a good moral value and focus on the work. Arrogant Young who is tainted by the money also not difficult to find. Punjabis are well scattered in every corner of the city are living a good life. read more about life in Punjab.
Punjabi has a lot of tradition and food choices when it comes to celebration. Their Bhangra and Gidda Fork dances are popular in the world. Sarson da Saag, Makki Di Roti and Lassi has been the trademark of Punjabi for years. These food are not limited to Punjab they are widely consumed all over India. Connectivity is not an issue in Indian Punjab. Each village is connected to the mainstream road and there is no hassle like big and small cities. If you see infrastructure there is not much difference between rural and urban Punjab.
Some other dishes like Chhole Kulche, Chhole Bhature, Amritsari naan, Gol Gappe are though popular among people. Punjabi cuisine consists of various delicious and jumpy dishes made from Paneera (boutique cheese), such as Shahi Paneer, Mattar Paneer, Paneer Kofta, Paneer Paratha and Khoya Paneer, to name but a few.
Himachal Pradesh is the favourite tourist destination of the people. Hindu families often visit the ‘Matas’ be it Jwala Ji, Chamunda Devi, Naina Devi or Vaishno Devi. Sikh people often give visits to the Gurudwaras.
Punjabis are large hearted people who love splendour and grandeur. Punjabi weddings are a true reflection of the Punjabi culture with a few rituals, dance, singing, song, food and sophisticated dress. Most of the people love show-offs and extravagant weddings. A lot of money is spent on big weddings. The wedding is not just a one or two-day business. Wedding a lengthy and enjoyable affair. it sometimes took 5 days. Punjabi Marriage is full of rituals.At every stage, there are some more wedding rituals. Punjabi prefer to marry in their own caste but there is no casteism and people are open-minded
Music and Movies:
Folk music is often seen as a traditional Punjab’s music. Qawwali is a religious music of Sufi from India and Pakistan, and ecstatic songs – songs – traditionally offered in the sanctuaries of masters and saints of Sufi. Pakistani folk music deals with the subject of everyday life in a less impressive way than the love and emotions usually found in its traditional and classic counterpart.
Other different forms of music popular in Punjab outside of Bhangra include Punjabi Pop, Folklore, Sufi Music and Punjabi Gharana. As people in Pakistan listen to the Indian music, Indian people in Punjab also listen to the Punjabi Sufi music, Qawallis etc. Some of the Punjabi singers like Imran Khan, Bilal Saeed, Falak, Bohemia and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan are very popular in Indian Punjab.
If we talk about the movies, then in Indian Punjab, People love to watch Punjabi movies. Pakistan has been a great fan of Bollywood. A lot of Pakistani singers has stayed in India. India has a huge fan following of the Pakistani Singers. Punjabi movies are released all over India. In Pakistani Punjab, many Hindi movies are released. Pakistani Punjab has a huge fan following of Bollywood. A lot of Punjabi dubbed Hollywood movies are released in Punjab. Punjabi artists are very creative in the dubbing of Hollywood movies. Dubbed Hollywood movies of Punjab are very Popular in India
Check These Popular Tracks from Punjab
Islam and Sikh Both have a great history. Ethics and moral value of both the state are rock solid. Punjabi live its life with proud and dignity and they do actions accordingly. Punjabi people are considered most trustworthy people in India. Pakistani Punjab is just like any Islamic country state. They have its own value and they follow those. I believe Islam is nothing like they show in news or episode. They are clickbait to attract traffic. Just like all caste stay together in harmony. Islam gives great value to its followers and people who follow they show those value.